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Causes and measures of common failures of agricultural machinery

Causes and measures of common failures of agricultural machinery

Update Time:2021-08-13
In the actual use of agricultural machinery, if there is a certain deviation between the actual construction state and the original design state, a failure will occur, and the entire machine cannot continue to work or some functions cannot be realized, which will make it practical. Production is affected to a certain extent. However, in the process of actual work, it is inevitable that certain wear and circuit problems will occur between the machines. The long-term component friction will cause the gap and position between the different components to be misaligned, resulting in the machine cannot be used normally. . According to actual experience, we only need to analyze the problems caused by the use of machinery from two aspects. The first is from a subjective point of view, that is, whether the use of farmers is standardized, etc., and the second is the working environment of agricultural machinery and the actual skills of maintenance personnel. , These include the temperature and vibration of mechanical work. According to the current actual use of agricultural machinery, the most common causes of failures in the current use of common agricultural machinery are: operator's illegal work, mechanical parts wear, corrosion and aging, and parts wear, agricultural machinery electrical fault lights.
1. 1 Operation and maintenance personnel operate in violation of regulations
Before the actual use of agricultural machinery, most users did not receive professional training and did not understand the maintenance methods of agricultural machinery. Therefore, in their actual use, they did not avoid the matters that need to be paid attention to during the relevant operation. Some parts with strong wear and tear have not been maintained, causing wear and fatigue damage to some parts of the components.
1. 2 Wear of mechanical parts
In the actual work process, in most cases, farmers do not consider the actual farming situation of the agricultural machinery more carefully. Therefore, it often occurs that the load is exceeded, which makes the agricultural machinery overloaded during use. This way It will make the wear between its components more serious, especially in gears and other parts, which will be severely worn after being subjected to a long-term overload, which will affect its normal use to a certain extent.
2. 1 Strengthen the lubrication and maintenance of parts
2 Prevention and maintenance methods of agricultural machinery failures
During the actual operation of agricultural machinery, the wear between its different components is very serious. Therefore, in order to avoid the failure of agricultural machinery due to friction problems as much as possible, it is necessary to carry out a certain amount of lubrication and maintenance to make it more frictional. The powerful part can reduce the actual amount of wear as much as possible, so that the service life of the agricultural machinery can be extended to a certain extent. In the process of lubrication and maintenance, attention should be paid to the selection of the quality of its lubricating oil. The brand and quality of the lubricating oil should be selected according to the actual agricultural machinery used. In different seasons, the choice of lubricants should also be different. In order to make the lubricating oil contain no impurities, it should be allowed to stand still within 24 hours before use, and when the bearing of the agricultural machinery has been used for one year, in order to make the internal lubrication work more in place, It needs to be disassembled and lubricated when the bearing is intact. During the lubrication process, dust and fine particles from the outside should be avoided as much as possible.