Strength Agricultural machinery boosts global food production and improves the status quo of African agriculture
Current Status of Agriculture in Africa
According to Calestous Juma, an African scholar and former Harvard Kennedy School professor, African women with hoes are the default symbol of African agriculture. Mr. Zhu Ma uses this image to express the drudgery farming faced by women on the African continent. Women grow 70% of Africa's food on small farms, which is a task based on manual labor.
Now that the population of Africa is expected to double by 2050, the continent must abandon the hoe and switch to modern technology, which will accomplish the same task more efficiently.
Experts at the African Economic Transformation Center in Ghana said that the transition from small-scale self-sufficient farms to mechanized, more commercially viable farms is crucial.
At present, the level of mechanization of farms in Africa is very low. The number of tractors in sub-Saharan Africa ranges from 1.3 units per square kilometer in Rwanda to 43 units per square kilometer in South Africa, while India’s is 128 units per square kilometer and 116 units per square kilometer. Square kilometers in Brazil.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations, there are fewer than two tractors per 1,000 hectares of farmland in Africa. There are 10 tractors per 1,000 hectares in South Asia and Latin America.
The African Green Revolution Alliance pointed out that if there is no mechanized agriculture, productivity will be severely affected, thereby reducing farmers’ incomes. The organization is funded by Bill and Melinda Gates and the Rockefeller Foundation to promote agricultural transformation and improve food in Africa. Safety.
According to data from the African Development Bank (AfDB), Africa currently spends as much as US$35 billion on food imports each year. The bank predicts that if the current trend continues, by 2050, food imports may increase to US$110 billion. Africa should become the granary of the world, said Akinwumi Adesina, President of the African Development Bank.
"The technology to realize the green revolution in Africa exists, but most of them are only shelved. The challenge is the lack of supportive policies to ensure its expansion to millions of farmers," the expert pointed out.
African leaders adopted the Maputo Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security in 2003, which requires countries to allocate at least 10% of public expenditure to agriculture, with the goal of achieving an annual growth of 6% in this sector.
However, 16 years later, only 13 countries have achieved at least 6% growth in the agricultural sector, stagnating the dream of a food revolution in Africa. These countries are Benin, Burundi, Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Togo.
In addition to the Maputo Declaration, the Malabo Montpellier Group (MMP), composed of African and international experts, recommended in 2014 that African countries develop national agricultural mechanization investment plans as a key step to increase productivity.
In a 2018 report, MMP listed 12 African countries, including Ethiopia, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Zambia, which have shown strong growth in mechanized agriculture, thereby achieving higher The output.
The report concludes that successful mechanization will be the key to meeting the major challenges of the African continent, from rising food import costs to rampant unemployment in rural areas. The report recommends the use of public-private partnerships to develop the local machinery industry to ensure the use of affordable and appropriate technologies. It also recommends tax breaks and smart subsidies to incentivize private sector investment in mechanization.
Finally, the report claims that, thanks to advances in renewable energy and digital technology, Africa can leapfrog the technological development stages that other regions must undertake, making its mechanization process both rapid and lucrative.
Dr. Katrin Glatzel, the head of the MMP project, is also a researcher at the International Food Policy Research Institute of the U.S. Food Research Organization. He pointed out that more than half of the fruits and vegetables produced in sub-Saharan Africa are lost, mainly due to inefficiency and lack of post-harvest processing. Processing Equipment.
Ms. Glatzel believes that mechanization is not only used for arable land, but also for the cultivation, harvesting, processing and storage of agricultural products.
"The improvement of the level of mechanization will promote the social and economic processes of the roles on and off the farm in rural communities by reducing the drudgery of agricultural work and increasing output," Ms. Glazer told Africa Revitalization. "Mechanization will not only increase employment, it will also improve land management and productivity and the quality of the crops produced," she added.
The FAO stated that in order to achieve these goals, farmers in developing countries must spend more on fertilizers, seeds and agrochemicals.
Some private sector initiatives have entered the gap created by the failure of state and donor-led efforts to promote mechanization.
Some companies are willing to provide tractors free of charge. Farmers can request tractors from the agent via SMS, and the agent will summarize the requests. A technology platform pairs available tractors with jobs, and then tracks each piece of equipment as it is in use.
Using a tractor, a field that may take 40 days for hand planting can be ready in 8 hours. Jehiel Oliver, the 35-year-old founder of Hello Tractor, said that renting a tractor is also cheaper than hiring farm workers. "In these markets where labor costs are relatively low, this seems counterintuitive, but paying someone to do this is still much more expensive than a tractor."
As more Nigerians move to cities and existing farmers get older, labor is getting harder and harder to find. Using tractors can help farmers plant fields in time to prevent rain. Because tractor planting is also more consistent than hand planting, it can also increase yields.
In Zambia, Rent to Own, a non-governmental organization established in 2010, rents out pumps, presses, tractors, shellers and bicycles to farmers.
One of the advantages of mechanized agriculture is that it can potentially attract young people to work on farms and reduce the high unemployment rate of African youth, which accounts for about 60% of the total number of unemployed.
The example of young agricultural entrepreneurs in Zimbabwe is instructive. Three years ago, the International Center for Maize and Wheat Improvement (CIMMYT) lent Gift Chawara, Shepard Karwizi and Pinnot Karwizi a planter and a sheller, and they started their business with them.
Their company is now providing shells and planting services to nearly 150 family farms in the village of Mwanga, northwest of the capital Harare.
They graduated from the agricultural mechanization training program managed by CIMMYT. According to CIMMYT, last season, the trio made about $7,000 by shelling more than 300 tons of corn.
But these young Zimbabweans may be outliers. Frédéric Baudron, senior systems agronomist at CIMMYT, asserted that he found that the degree of mechanization of smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe is still very low.
CIMMYT's mechanization training program is implemented under the sustainable and intensive agricultural mechanization and conservation agriculture project, and is supported by the Australian International Agricultural Research Center. The project has benefited more than one hundred young people from Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.
This effort to replicate throughout Africa may promote the development of agricultural productivity. But the government needs to increase investment in the industry. It is time for the African continent to rethink the hoe. Not only that, the world is also committed to the cause of poverty alleviation in Africa and is concerned about the food problem in Africa. Many companies have developed and produced intelligent agricultural machinery to help Africa's agricultural development.
In China, the veteran machinery and equipment company Strength, with 50 years of design experience and technology precipitation, has been deeply involved in the field of smart machinery, and is committed to improving the status quo of global agriculture through intelligent application equipment, allowing farmers to become rich, solving world food problems, and realizing green sustainable agriculture and wisdom Agriculture, to realize a harmonious society of man, nature and machine. Strength developed and designed agricultural machinery such as tractors, rice cutters, planters, etc., which can improve production efficiency and are suitable for all types of farmland, with superior safety and ease of operation.
Landtop agricultural machinery boosts agricultural production
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The Strength Group, the parent company of the Landtop brand, is a global leader in intelligent machinery, currently covering textile machinery automation, sanitation and health machinery automation, agricultural machinery automation and other fields. With more than 50 years of industry experience and global leading technology, with "empowering China's intelligent manufacturing as its mission", to discover the harmony between man, nature and machine, and to create a prosperous new era, it is a trustworthy and eternal partner. Our R&D and production of agricultural machinery has leading technology, excellent quality and professional services. Welcome to inquire in detail.